Antarctica is the southern polar region of the Earth, including the Antarctic continent and the southern parts of the adjacent oceans. It is located in the Antarctic region of the southern hemisphere, almost entirely south of the Antarctic polar circle and is surrounded by the Antarctic Ocean. With 14.0 million square kilometres, it is the fifth largest continent, after Asia, Africa, North America and South America. Approximately 98% of the Antarctic surface is covered by an ice sheet with an average thickness of 1.6 km. wikipedia
Antarctica, on average, is the coldest, driest and windy continent, and has the highest average altitude of all continents. Antarctica is considered a desert with annual precipitation of only 200 mm along the coast and much less inward. There is no permanent human residence on the continent, but between 1,000 and 5,000 people live throughout the year at research stations scattered throughout the continent. Only plants and animals adapted to the cold survive there, including penguins and pinnipeds, nematodes and many types of algae and other organisms, as well as tundra vegetation.
Although the myths and speculations about a Terra Australis (“Southern Land”) date back to antiquity, the first confirmed landmark of the continent were held in 1820 by the Russian expedition of Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen and Mikhail Lazarev. However, the continent remained largely neglected for the rest of the nineteenth century because of its hostile environment, lack of resources and isolation.
The 1959 Antarctic Treaty was initially signed by 12 countries; so far 46 countries have signed the treaty. The Treaty prohibits military activities and mineral mining supports scientific research and protects the continent’s ecosystem. An average of over 4,000 scientists of many nationalities and different research interests carry out various experiments.
Antarctica, it seems to hide many secrets and mysterious things. An important and interesting fact is that under the thick ice layer, measuring not less than 2000 meters, there is an entire ecosystem that works with optimal parameters.
In Antarctica, there is eight times more ice than the North Pole. Its melting would increase the level of the ocean by 60-65 meters. Antarctica is the coldest continent on Earth.
The lowest planetary level was recorded here in 1983 by the Russian research station named Vostok. It had a value of -89.2 ° C. Interesting is the fact that this huge state of ice is the largest freshwater reservoir in the world. About 70% of the world’s freshwater is here.
The researchers inform us that over Antarctica there is a huge ozone hole. Under these conditions, the ozone hole would not have the necessary attributes to form, and for this reason, it represents a real challenge for specialists.
A mysterious phenomenon is supposed to happen under the ice layer. This phenomenon, still uncovered, gradually grinds the ozone layer and so would have formed this hole. This phenomenon generates extremely powerful radiation. On the other hand, another theory argues that the formation of this hole is due to the industrial activities of the people. But why is it formed above Antarctica, a place where there is no industry, and not in other parts of the globe?
One of the most mysterious places in the Antarctic, which has been explored, is Vostok Lake. Doctor Anton Padalka, together with his team, managed to discover many beings who seem to be detached from a parallel world. One of these is called the Body 46-B and it’s a huge octopus with 14 tentacles that can paralyze its prey at a distance of 45 meters.
During this expedition, two scholars were killed by this monster. Scientists claim that such a specimen has not been found anywhere on Terra, and its instinct to kill is a highly developed one.
The connection between Hitler and Antarctica
The first German expeditions to the Antarctic have taken place since 1901-1903. Beginning in 1938, the Nazis began sending numerous expeditions to the Antarctic Queen Maud region. Most of these frequent and constant expeditions were from South Africa. More than 370,000 square kilometres were mapped, with the Germans discovering vast areas that were not covered by ice, hot water lakes and numerous caves.
Various scientific teams have been sent to these areas: botanists, zoologists, marine biologists, etc., in which many Nazi government divisions are involved in this secret mission. All these expeditions culminate in the claim of Germany to these territories. The name chosen for this colony was Neuschwabenland.
Before the end of the Second World War, two submarines, U-530 and U-977, brought to Antarctica scientists with preoccupations and studies in the field of anti-gravity discs and all necessary logistics. The two German submarines were captured on the Argentine coast and the crews were interrogated by the US Navy. In the southern hemisphere in the summer of 1946-1947, the Navy Navy appears to have “invaded” Antarctica with a large number of soldiers, and the operation called Highjump was classified in 1958. Three nuclear bombs were detonated in the region as part of another1 secret US operations with Argus code names.
The giant hole in Antarctica
A huge hole was crawling in the middle of the Weddell Sea, a vast Antarctic ice desert. This is not the first time this happens.
The hole is a species of polynya, a canal navigable among the sea ice. But the polynya of the Weddell Sea is totally unique, say, scientists, according to Business Insider.
It is the distance that definitely differentiates it from the rest of the polynya, which usually appears near the shore and not off the coast.
1974, this is the year when researchers first saw a polynya in Antarctica, with a wide openness to the state of Oregon, according to NASA. Then the canal disappeared to reappear two years later during an Australian winter to close again under tons of ice.
Decades later, in 2016, a NASA satellite detected the reappearance of the polynya, but significantly less than that of the 20th century.
Within a year, the opening increased exponentially, reaching a size of Maryland. But even so, it is five times smaller than its 1974 “twin”.
Scientists do not put this phenomenon at the expense of global warming but consider it to be part of a cyclical process, but a mysterious one for which they have no clear explanations.
Why was polynya in the 1970s and then disappeared recently? Polynya appeared before 1970, and we are witnessing a periodic process that happens every 40 years? However, if it occurred before the first occurrence, we have no scientific evidence about it, explained Willy Weeks, a geophysicist at the University of Alaska.
“We really do not know what’s going on,” said Catherine Heuze of the University of Gothenburg. Specialists hope to find out more about polynya with a project funded by the National Science Foundation, which studies the climate in the Antarctic Ocean.
It’s a robotic float sent last month to the Weddell Sea Field to get relevant data.